In the northern part of Nigeria, which was mostly Muslim populated, Western-style knowledge was prohibited. The religious leaders did not want the missionaries interfering with Islam. That offered way to establishing Islamic school that aimed primarily on the Islamic education. Today, person literacy has been projected to be over 78 per cent for guys and 64 percent for women. These statistics were created based on estimate literacy in English. That excludes the literacy in Arabic among northern Muslims. It is therefore perhaps not erroneous to call Nigeria a nation dominated with intelligent persons.
Ahead of Nigeria’s independence, Nigeria had just two recognized Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Higher college (founded in 1934, Now Yaba School of Technology) and the College of Ibadan was established in 1948. It had been then a School of the College of London until two years following the freedom when she turned autonomous. More outstanding universities including School of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo University (formerly University of Ife), Ahmadu Bello College and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo University (formerly College of Lagos) were founded in the decades that followed the Independence.
In 1970s more universities were established which include University of Benin (founded in 1970), and new university exposed in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Slot Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were exposed as well as institute devoted to Agriculture and Technology. A number of Polytechnics were also opened, which include the Yaba University of Engineering in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.
In 1980, the projected enrollment in the primary schools was 12 million, Extra and specialized colleges 1.2 million, educators colleges 240,000 and Universities 75,000. One would assume that with this estimate, the Nigerian knowledge in Nigeria three years after could have considerably improved. However the reverse has been the case.
Today’s decline in the Nigerian knowledge program can be followed back once again to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there is a scarcity of competent educators, the several qualified educators were not paid in a timely manner. The number of schools didn’t develop with the population and most of the existing colleges were inadequately financed resulting in bad maintenance. In the Universities insufficient funding led to the lack of space and resources. Increase in tuition charge frequently triggered riots leading to cancellation of semesters. Professional actions by the University Team requesting for larger salaries and greater functioning conditions also compounded the situations. But, nowadays governors in many state are handling these issues.
The damage to the academic process has been done. Most graduates absence the required success and social abilities that should have now been learnt in schools. These have led to several terrible circumstances in the nation. The middle of the nation’s development “the Education program” no longer supports price; ergo the whole state is falling apart. Products of the Nigeria training program are not employable, creating substantial unemployment and under-development in the country. Number emergency skills ultimately causing improved poverty charge in the country.
The specific situation nevertheless isn’t entirely hopeless. The building blocks of education in Nigeria upon that your Europeans installed the western-style education is strong. It’s maintained to carry the instructional program of the united states together through the problem days. But, if remaining alone, we shall all join Chinua Achebe and exclaim: Things break apart, The guts can not hold… Anarchy is set forth everywhere 2020 jamb runs.
Conventionally, examinations are regarded as a way of evaluation of pupils who have experienced one amount of education or another by the end of a term, session or academic year. But, among other worrisome developments which the industry is experiencing in the country in these days, the likelihood of examination malpractices in the Nigerian academic process is just a cardinal one that is quickly assuming a degree of national and global distress and harmful dimension. It is just a harming crisis, which if not cured shortly, may ruin the nation’s all-important training sector.